Brussels sprouts are not only nutritious, but one of the most inexpensive green vegetables to harvest and purchase. Here are ten facts you should know about Brussels sprouts.
1. There’s more Vitamin C in Brussels sprouts than in an orange. Just one half cup of Brussels sprouts contains 88 percent of the recommended daily allowance of Vitamin C. The average sized orange is made up of only 65 percent Vitamin C. Brussels sprouts are also high in Vitamin A and beta carotene, and are low in calories.
2. Brussels sprout production in the United States began in 1800 when French settlers brought them to Louisiana. By the 1920s, California began growing Brussels sprouts and is today the largest producer of this vegetable in the US, followed by Washington and New York. More than 70 million pounds of Brussels sprouts are produced in the United States annually.
3. Brussels sprouts are the most hated vegetable in the UK. According to a 2002 survey, Brussels sprouts are the most reviled food in all of Britain. A Royal Navy captain even went so far as to ban Brussels sprouts from his ship, labeling them the “devil’s vegetable.”
4. Brussels sprouts are named after the capitol of Belgium where it is believed they were first cultivated in the 16th century.
5. Brussels sprouts are high in protein. Unlike most green vegetables, Brussels sprouts are not only high in fiber, but also protein. One serving of Brussels sprouts has 3.38 grams of protein.
6. Brussels sprouts may help to prevent colon cancer. A Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer found that Brussels sprouts eaters had a 25 percent lower risk of developing colorectal cancer than those who abstained.
7. Brussels sprouts belong to the cabbage family and are closely related to cauliflower, broccoli, kale and collards.
8. Fresh Brussels sprouts should always be kept chilled. Storing Brussels sprouts at room temperature will cause their outer leaves to turn brown and yellow and reduce shelf life. Fresh Brussels sprouts should always be refrigerated or frozen. When refrigerating, never prewash sprouts. Fresh sprouts can be stored safely in a refrigerator for up to 5 days.
9. Brussels sprouts help protect the liver because they contain high amounts of Indole-3-carbinol. Clinical trials have also shown that Indole-3-carbinol helps women lower their risk of breast and cervical cancers.
10. Brussels sprouts are the perfect vegetable for pregnancy because they contain high amounts of Folic Acid. Just one cup of sprouts has 55 mcg of Folic Acid.
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